Over-the-Counter Stock Buying Guide OTC Stocks

Listing on a standard exchange is an expensive and time-consuming process, and often outside the financial capabilities of many smaller companies. OTC Markets Group operates the OTCQX Best Market, the OTCQB Venture Market, and the Pink Open Market. Although OTC networks are not formal exchanges such as the NYSE, they still have eligibility requirements determined by the SEC.

The OTCBB shows quotes for domestic and foreign stocks, as well as American depositary receipts (ADRs). According to the famous trader and founder of the OVEX cryptocurrency exchange platform Jon Ovadia, fees are cheaper in these markets than on significant exchanges. These exchanges allow for purchasing OTC equities from approved brokers. They are inexpensive and offer good rewards if the stock does well, but the hazards are also substantial. You must know the company’s ticker symbol and have sufficient funds in your brokerage account to purchase the necessary shares.

Investors may need to know the specific stock ticker they’re looking for, however, so there may be a bit of initial homework involved. A listed stock trades like a live auction, with buyers and sellers matching when they agree on a price. OTC markets are off-exchange markets for broker-dealer networks that allow participants to buy and sell shares. As we’ve seen, some types of stocks trade on the OTC markets for very good reasons, and they could make excellent investment opportunities.

Review the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement. Look for stable or growing revenue and net income over the past few years. Examine the company’s cash position and debt levels to ensure financial stability. Strong financials are a good indicator the company and stock may perform well in the future.

You can buy and sell small penny stocks using most top online brokers because they trade similarly to most other equities. Instead, derivatives trades are executed by the broker/dealer network via direct negotiations, in which both sides agree upon the conditions. Instead of being listed on a formal exchange, the bond market is an “over-the-counter” market.

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OTC markets initially began as physical trading floors where buyers and sellers came together to exchange securities. In the early 20th century, curbstone brokers would gather outside the New York Stock Exchange to trade securities that were not listed on major exchanges. These curbstone brokers eventually organized into the National Quotation Bureau, which published daily price quotes for many OTC stocks. OTC markets do present additional risks to investors compared to major exchanges. Securities on OTC markets tend to be more volatile and thinly traded. It may also be more difficult to buy and sell securities, and bid-ask spreads are often wider.

Cass also serves on the FINRA Market Regulation Committee and as an advisor to the Securities Traders Association. Prior to joining OTC Markets Group, Cass represented issuers, broker-dealers and individuals in securities litigation, financing, and various corporate and regulatory matters. Cass earned her JD from Hofstra University School of Law and received her BA from Mount Over-the-counter Trading Holyoke College. Cass is licensed to practice law in New York and New Jersey and is a member of the American Bar Association. We have asked companies to provide the required disclosure to OTC Markets by June 30th. We continue to process disclosure requests received after June 30th,  however we may not be able to process all such applications prior to  September 28th.

Although there are distinctions between major exchanges and these markets, investors shouldn’t notice appreciable discrepancies when trading. Moreover, a financial exchange might be considered safer as it is a controlled and standardized market. Many small-company equities that are listed on large exchanges are OTC securities because they don’t trade enough shares or because their shares don’t sell for more than a minimal price.

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Buying Securities On The Otc Markets

The process of purchasing or selling over-the-counter (OTC) stocks can be different from trading stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or the Nasdaq. This is because OTC stocks are, by definition, not listed on the exchange. Purchases of OTC securities are made through market makers who carry an inventory of stocks and bonds that they make available directly to buyers.

  • Over-the-counter markets are those where stocks that aren’t listed on major exchanges such as the New York Stock Exchange or the Nasdaq can be traded.
  • Or you’re an investor seeking to trade more exotic securities not offered on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or Nasdaq.
  • No offer to buy securities can be accepted, and no part of the purchase price can be received, until an offering statement filed with the SEC has been qualified by the SEC.
  • OTC Markets Group operates the OTCQX Best Market, the OTCQB Venture Market, and the Pink Open Market.
  • Additionally, FINRA publishes a variety of information about OTC equity events, such as corporate actions, trading halts and UPC advisory notifications, among other things.

OTC stocks are listed under three different marketplaces – the OTCQX, the OTCQB and the Pink Market. These are tiered by quality and each market has different types of companies, so make sure you fully understand the potential risks and rewards of companies within each tier before starting to invest. The grey market is not regulated, is difficult to access and should be avoided by beginners to stock market investing.

Buying Securities On The Otc Markets

In OTC markets, the broker-dealer determines the security’s price, which means less transparency. OTC securities can trade via alternative trading systems such as the OTC Markets Group, a tiered electronic system used by broker-dealers to publish prices for OTC securities. We believe everyone should be able to make financial decisions with confidence. NerdWallet, Inc. is an independent publisher and comparison service, not an investment advisor. Its articles, interactive tools and other content are provided to you for free, as self-help tools and for informational purposes only. NerdWallet does not and cannot guarantee the accuracy or applicability of any information in regard to your individual circumstances.

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Most companies who list OTC are too small to list on major exchanges, so the companies opt for the OTC market instead. The types of companies you will find on the OTC markets include start-ups, emerging growth stocks, and foreign companies. Indeed, the full spectrum of industry sectors and business ideas can be invested in via over-the-counter stocks. These also include companies often called ‘penny stocks’ because they trade for under $5 a share. Broker-dealers quote prices at which they’re willing to buy and sell securities. Investors can buy and sell these securities as they would any other stock, and the broker-dealers provide liquidity by trading from their own brokerage accounts.

Buying Securities On The Otc Markets

Another factor is the extreme volatility and unpredictability of such stocks. Therefore, it is advised to utilize risk management techniques when trading OTC instruments because they could become the focus of market manipulation. Such stocks can also be highly volatile and unexpected, which is another aspect. Therefore, while trading in these stocks, it is advised to use risk management strategies because they may be the target of market manipulation.

Boiler rooms would sell massive volumes of these stocks over the phone to people at home. The key is doing thorough research, understanding the risks, and only investing money you can afford to lose. If you maintain realistic expectations about the level of volatility, OTC markets could be an avenue for substantial gains.